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Wine 990226 release, FAQ now available

Feb 27, 1999, 00:17 (0 Talkback[s])

Here is some information about Wine:

Questions and Answers

  1. Misc unanswered

  2. What undocumented APIs / interfaces are not understood? Would seeing Microsoft source help?

    About Wine

  3. What is Wine?

    Wine is Windows on Unix.

  4. What's Unix? What's Linux? What's FreeBSD?

    Unix refers to a number of OSes based on the OS started at Bell Labs in the 70's. Linux and FreeBSD are free Unixes.

  5. Is Wine an emulator?

    Unfortunately, no. Wine provides low-level binary compatibility, but only for OSes running on Intel-compatible chips.

  6. What's the history of Wine?

    As far as I remember it was a discussion in comp.os.linux about Windows emulation. The first real code came from Eric Youngdale (at this point he was toying around with object formats, i.e. he was writing the ELF infrastructure for Linux and applied this knowledge to write a simple loader for Windows binaries). Then Bob Amstadt got the actual project running (with TK widgets). -- Joerg

  7. Why would anyone want Wine? Doesn't Windows suck?

    Not everyone thinks so. And for those that don't, Windows programs would suck less when run on a more stable UNIX platform.

  8. What is Wine, and what is it supposed to do?

    Wine is a program which allows the operation of DOS and MS Windows programs (Windows 3.x and Win32 executables) on UNIX. It consists of a program loader, which loads and executes a Windows binary, and a library that implements Windows API calls using their UNIX or X11 equivalents. The library may also be used for porting Win32 code into native UNIX executables. Wine is free software, and its license (contained in the file LICENSE in each distribution) is BSD style. Basically, this means that you can do anything with Wine except claim that you wrote it.

  9. What is the current version of Wine?

    A new version of Wine is distributed about twice a month. You will be able to keep up on all the latest releases by reading the newsgroup comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine where new release announcements are made. When downloading Wine from your ftp site of choice (see question 4.1 for some of these choices), you can make sure that you are getting the latest version by watching the version numbers in the distribution filename. For instance, the distribution released on June 20, 1994 was called Wine-940620.tar.gz. Patch files are also available. If you are current to the previous version, you can download and apply just the current patch file rather than the entire new distribution. The patch filenames follow the same conventions as the monthly distribution.

  10. When will Wine be finished?

    Large software projects are never finished, only released. $br [br] {br} Because Wine is being developed by volunteers, it is difficult to predict when it will be ready for general release. Between 90-98% of the functions used by MS Windows applets, and 80-90% of the functions used by major programs, have been at least partially implemented at this time. However, the remaining 10% will likely take another 90% of the time, not including debugging.

    Getting Wine

  11. Do I need Unix first? Where can I get Linux?

    The short answer is yes: Wine is not an OS, it runs on top of your OS. But also see Generic Windows, a prepacked setup of FreeBSD+XFree86+Wine.

  12. Can I get Wine on CD?

    You can get the source on any CD which mirrors a Wine site, such as the Sunsite CD's marketed by Walnut Creek CDROM.

    Configuring Wine

  13. What's with libmesagl in 990110?

    Recompile, don't use a RPM. or http://rufus.w3.org/linux/RPM/freshmeat/mesa/Mesa-3.0-2.i386.html

    Getting Help

  14. Is there any documentation for Wine?

    Yes, a bit.

    Developing programs using Wine

  15. Can I use Wine to port my Win32 sources to Unix?

    That is the idea of Winelib. Right now you may have some difficulties, but this should change soon.

  16. Will MFC work with Wine? What do I need to do?

    Work is underway to support this.

  17. Are there any commercial applications which have been ported using Wine?

    Corel's WordPerfect Office Suite will be the first.

  18. How can I detect Wine?

    You shouldn't need to. If there's a quirk in Wine you need to work around, it's better to fix it in Wine.

    Becoming a Wine developer

  19. How do I become a Wine developer? What do I need to know?

    If you can program C, that's a good start. Download the sources via CVS, subscribe to the mailing lists, look around the source, and pay attention to the comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine newsgroup. See if there's anything that you think you can fix or work on, you won't have much trouble finding areas that need work in Wine (grep for FIXMEs in the source).

    About this FAQ

  20. How recent is this FAQ? Where can I get the latest version?

    This document was last edited Thu Feb 25 14:04:24 MST 1999. It is available from , and is posted monthly to comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine, Y, and Z.

  21. Who maintains this FAQ? What's its history? How do I submit additions?

    Dave Gardner maintained it from 1995-1998. Douglas Ridgway <ridgway@winehq.com>, the current maintainer, took it over in 1999. Proposed new questions should be sent to him.

  22. What's the copyright on this FAQ? How may I use it?

    The original Wine FAQ, which this FAQ was based on, was copyright © 1995-1998 David Gardner. It may be reproduced and modified under the same terms as Wine itself.

    Capabilities

  23. Which programs does Wine currently run?

    include http //www.winehq.com/Apps/

  24. Are there programs which Wine will never be able to run?

    Wine is designed to allow applications to run, and implements an application programming interface. It is not designed to interface directly with hardware, which is the responsibility of the underlying operating system. Wine does not in general allow using Windows drivers under Unix. That said, Wine has been used to support parallel devices, such as parallel port scanners for which no Unix driver is available.

  25. Will MS Windows programs typically run faster or slower under UNIX and Wine than they do under DOS and MS Windows? Will certain kinds of programs run slower or faster?

    When work on Wine is completed, programs should typically run at about the same speed under Wine as they do under DOS and MS Windows. Currently, there are debugging features built into each release, and this slows down the execution of programs. However, these debugging features will be removed for any post-development releases.

  26. Are there any advantages or disadvantages to running MS Windows applications under Wine that I should be aware of?

    As with OS/2, you will be running MS Windows programs under a protected mode operating system, which brings certain advantages (and some disadvantages). For instance, there will be crash protection. That is, each MS Windows application running under Wine will be running in its own X window and its own portion of reserved memory. If one MS Windows application crashes, it will not crash the other MS Windows or UNIX applications that you may have running at the same time. However, be aware that some applications are "broken" and they access memory that they haven't properly (or at all) allocated. Under OS/2 or Wine, they will crash. Under MS Windows, they may work for a period of time, but then eventually you will have to reboot the machine. Also, MS Windows programs should run at about the same speed under Wine as they do under MS Windows. When Wine is finished, you will be able to run your favorite MS Windows applications in a UNIX environment. However, be aware that any application written for MS Windows will run much less efficiently than its native UNIX cousin. For Linux, there is a database of such applications at http //www.xnet.com/~blatura/linapps.shtml

  27. Will Wine support MS Windows networked applications that use winsock.dll?

    Yes, Wine does support such applications, more so the 16-bit than the 32-bit version of winsock. Working applications include Agent (a Usenet newsreader), mIRC, ws-FTP and Internet Explorer.

  28. I'm a software developer who wants to use UNIX to develop programs rather than DOS, but I need to write DOS and MS Windows programs as well. Will I be able to run my favorite DOS and/or MS Windows compilers under Wine?

    Wine now supports DOS applications natively, which means that you might be able to run command-line utilities. Some have reported success in running (to varying degrees of success) various C++ compilers, and the Borland Dephi and Turbo Pascal for Windows compilers. Others have reported success in running the Borland C++ 5.0 command line compiler (bcc) as well as some of the debugging tools in the MS SDK, but these compilers' IDEs generally do not run yet.

    What You Need to Run Wine

  29. Under what hardware platform(s) and operating system(s) will Wine run?

    Wine is being developed specifically to run on the Intel x86 class of CPUs under certain UNIXes that run on the x86 platform. UNIXes currently being tested for Wine compatibility include Linux, NetBSD, FreeBSD and Unixware, and there is now support for SCO OpenServer 5. The Wine development team hopes to attract the interest of other commercial UNIX and UNIX clone vendors as well. There are side efforts underway to port Wine to the Alpha and OS/2 platforms. You can find out more information about the OS/2 port at http //www.winehq.com/wine/documentation/wine_os2

  30. What minimum CPU must I have in my computer to be able to run Wine and MS Windows applications smoothly?

    Wine won't run on any x86 CPU less than an 80386. It is known to also work in the 80486 and Pentium CPUs. Beyond that, the basic test is, if you can run X11 now, you should be able to run Wine and MS Windows applications under it. As always, the faster your CPU, the better. Having a math coprocessor is unimportant. However, having a graphics accelerated video card supported by X will help greatly.

  31. How much disk space will the Wine source code and binaries take on my hard drive? What other software do I need to have installed to compile and run Wine?

    You need approximately 125 megabytes of free hard drive space to store and compile the source code. Wine also needs about 18 megs in your /tmp directory. As far as other software, you will need the following to compile Wine - gcc - Xlib - Xpm To run Wine, you will need the following - The compiled Wine binary - A properly configured wine.conf and wine.sym - An installed and working X Window system - Some MS Windows programs to test

  32. How much RAM do I need to have on my UNIX system to be able to run Wine and MS Windows applications smoothly?

    If you can run X smoothly on your UNIX system now, you should be able to run Wine and MS Windows applications just fine too. A typical Wine workstation should realistically have at least 16 megabytes of RAM and a 16 megabyte swap partition. More is better, of course. You can run Wine with 8/8, but it is not recommended. If you wish to be part of the development team and program Wine itself, be aware that the new debugger is rather memory intensive. Some have suggested that 64 megabytes is the minimum RAM needed for Wine development, although some are able to work (albeit slowly) with 24 megabytes of physical RAM and lots of swap space.

  33. I have a Drivespaced, Doublespaced or Stackered DOS partition. Can Wine run MS Windows binaries located in such a partition?

    Yes, but only if the operating system supports mounting those types of drives. Currently, NetBSD and FreeBSD do not. There is a Linux filesystem driver that will allow read/write access through Doublespaced and Drivespace 1.0 drives. More specifically, it supports mounting DOS 6.0 and 6.2 Doublespaced, DOS 6.22 Drivespaced, and Windows 95 Doublespaced compressed partitions (read and write access works fine, but write access is slow). It can be found at ftp //metalab.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/filesystems/dosfs/

  34. Do I need to have a DOS partition on my system to use Wine? Does MS Windows need to be loaded into that partition in order to run MS Windows programs under Wine?

    Unlike WABI, you do not need a licensed and installed copy of DOS or MS Windows to install, configure and run Wine. However, Wine has to be able to 'see' an MS Windows binary if it is to run it. Some folks have successfully installed and run some small programs in their UNIX filesystem without having a DOS partition or MS Windows. However, not all programs will work this way yet. Some applications' installation programs want to distribute some of the package's files into the /windows and /windows/system directories in order to run, and unless these exist on your UNIX filesystem, those programs will not install correctly and probably will not run well, if at all. If you have a DOS partition with MS Windows installed in it, make sure that your UNIX system can 'see' this partition (check your /etc/fstab file or mount the partition manually) so that Wine can run the MS Windows binaries located in the DOS partition. When it is finished, Wine will not require that you have a DOS partition on your system at all, meaning that you will not need to have MS Windows installed either. Wine programmers will provide an application setup program to allow you to install your MS Windows programs straight from your distribution diskettes or CDs onto your UNIX filesystem, or from within your UNIX filesystem if you ftp an MS Windows program over the Internet. To run without a DOS partition, you need to set a UNIX path to be your drive C, and make sure that the /windows and /windows/system directories point to some place that actually exist. Here's an example, copied from a machine which has no DOS partition but successfully runs Wine [Drive C] Path=/var/lib/wine Type=hd Label=MS-DOS Filesystem=win95 [wine] Windows=c:\windows System=c:\windows\system Temp=e:\ Path=c:\windows;c:\windows\system;c: In /var/lib/wine/windows, you will need to install a win.ini config file that you might find on a typical MS Windows 3.1 machine. The directory /var/lib/wine/windows/system should exist, but doesn't need to contain anything. However, to use MS DLLs, you can copy them into that directory. If you have DOS/MS Windows installed on your system, you can mount that partition at bootup by modifying the file /etc/fstab in your UNIX partition. If you edit this file by hand, it should contain something similar to the following /dev/hda1 /dosc msdos uid=0,gid=100,umask=007 0 0 This will allow you to read and write to the DOS partition without being root.

  35. If Wine completely replaces MS Windows, will it duplicate all of the functions of MS Windows?

    Most of them, yes. However, some applications and applets that come with MS Windows, such as File Manager and Calculator, can be considered by some to be redundant, since 32-bit UNIX programs that duplicate these applets' functions already exist.

  36. Will I be able to install MS Windows applications in any flavor of a UNIX filesystem?

    Wine is written to be filesystem independent, so MS Windows applications will install and run under any filesystem supported by your brand of UNIX.

  37. Will Wine run only under X, or can it run in character mode?

    Being a GUI (graphical user interface), MS Windows does not have a character mode, so there will be no character mode for Wine. So yes, you must run Wine under X. On the other hand, Win32 does have a character mode. Currently, Wine must have a display even to run console-only Win32 apps.

  38. Will Wine run under any X window manager? Does it require a window manager at all?

    Wine is window manager independent, so the X window manager you choose to run has no bearing on your ability to run MS Windows programs under Wine. Wine uses standard X libraries, so no additional ones are needed. Wine has its own window management, which acts like MS Windows. It can be turned off to use the native window manager with the -managed command-line switch.

  39. Will 32-bit Windows 95/98 applications run under Wine?

    In general, yes, although there are still lots of bugs which break specific programs.

  40. What about NT specific programs, which use NT-only features?

    These are only poorly supported.

    How to Find, Install, Configure and Run Wine

  41. Where can I get Wine?

    Because of lags created by using mirror, word of this newest release may reach you before the release is actually available at the ftp sites listed here. The sources are available from the following locations ftp//metalab.unc.edu/pub/Linux/ALPHA/wine/development/ ftp//tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/ALPHA/Wine/development/ ftp//ftp.infomagic.com/pub/mirrors/linux/sunsite/ALPHA/wine/development/ ftp//ftp.progsoc.uts.edu.au/pub/Wine/development/ It should also be available from any site that mirrors tsx-11 or metalab (formerly sunsite). Some of these ftp sites may archive previous versions of Wine as well as the current one. To determine which is the latest one, look at the distribution filename, which will take the form Wine-[yymmdd].tar.gz. Simply replace [yymmdd] in the distribution filename with the numbers for year, month and date, respectively. The latest one is the one to get. Wine is also available in RedHat and Debian packaged versions, but the packaging delays the release in these formats for about a week after the *.tar.gz file is released. You can obtain these packages from the following systems ftp//ftp.rwii.com/pub/linux/Redhat/contrib/ http//www.debian.org/Packages/unstable/otherosfs/wine.html Compiled binaries for the Solaris operating system can be found at http//www.ecn.purdue.edu/~laird/WINE/ Current Wine sources are also available via anonymous client/server CVS. You will need CVS 1.9 or above. If you are coming from behind a firewall, you will either need a hole in the firewall for the CVS port (2401) or use SOCKS. To login to the CVS tree, do export CVSROOT=pservercvs@cvs.winehq.com/home/wine cvs login Use "cvs" as the password (without the quotes). Note that /home/wine is a path on the server, not on your machine. To check out the entire Wine source tree (which may be slow), use cvs -z 3 checkout wine or if you just want a subtree, or individual file, you can do that too with cvs -z 3 checkout wine/ANNOUNCE Be aware, though, that getting the entire Wine source tree via CVS is pretty slow, especially compared to getting Wine from an FTP mirror near you. Patch files are also available, so that you don't have to download, install and configure the entire distribution each week if you are current to the previous release. Patch file release names follow the same numbering convention as do the general releases, and take the form Wine-[yymmdd].diff.gz Patch files are available from the same sites that distribute the full release. To upgrade to a new release by using a patch file, first cd to the top-level directory of the release (the one containing the README file), then do a "make clean", and patch the release with gunzip -c patch-file | patch -p1 where "patch-file" is the name of the patch file (something like Wine-yymmdd.diff.gz). You can then re-run "./configure", and then run "make depend; make". Note that any mirror of tsx-11 will likely carry the Wine distribution and diff files, but may not be listed here in this FAQ. If you are mirroring the Wine distribution from the tsx-11 site and wish to be listed here in this FAQ, please send email to the FAQ author/maintainer listed in question 7.2.

  42. If I do not have an Internet account, how can I get Wine?

    Some CD-ROM archives of Internet sites, notably those from Walnut Creek that archive ftp.cdrom.com and metalab.unc.edu, may include some versions of Wine on their CD releases. However, the age of these distributions should always be questioned, as the 'snapshot' of the ftp site may have been taken anywhere from 1-4 months (or more) prior to the CD's pressing date. Your best bet to get the very latest distribution of Wine, if you do not have your own Internet account, is to find a friend who does have an Internet account, and have him/her ftp the necessary file(s) for you. If you have an email account on a BBS that can reach the Internet through a gateway, you may be able to use 'email ftp' to get the Wine release sent to you; check with your BBS system operator for details. If you are running a BBS that is not connected to the Internet but does offer the Wine distribution for download, and would like to be listed in this FAQ, please forward such information to the FAQ author/maintainer as listed in question 7.2.

  43. How do I install Wine on my hard drive?

    Just un-gzip and un-tar the file, and follow the instructions contained in the README file that will be located in the base Wine directory.

  44. How do I compile the Wine distribution source code?

    To compile Wine, you must have one of Linux version 0.99.13 or above NetBSD-current FreeBSD-current or FreeBSD 1.1 or later OpenBSD/i386 2.1 or later Solaris x86 2.5 or later You also need to have libXpm installed on your system. The sources for it are probably available on the ftp site where you got Wine. They can also be found on ftp.x.org and all of its mirror sites. On x86 systems, gcc >= 2.7.0 is required. You will probably need flex too. To build Wine, first do a "./configure" and then a "make depend; make" from the Wine directory. This will build the library "libwine.a", which can be used to compile and link Windows source code under Unix, and the program "wine", which will load and run Windows executables. If you have an ELF compiler, you can use "./configure --enable-dll" to build a shared library instead. Additionally, you may want to set the TMPDIR environment variable TMPDIR=~/tmp or TMPDIR=/tmp (if you are root)

  45. How do I configure Wine to run on my system?

    Wine requires that you have a file called "/usr/local/etc/wine.conf" (you can supply a different filename when configuring wine) or a file called ".winerc" in your home directory. The format of this file is explained in the Wine man page. The file "wine.ini" contains a config file example. More explicit directions can be found in the README file that will be located in the base Wine directory after you ungzip and untar the distribution file.

  46. How do I run an MS Windows program under Wine?

    When invoking Wine, you must specify the entire path to the executable, or by filename only. For example to run Windows' solitaire wine sol (using the search path to locate wine sol.exe the file) wine c\\windows\\sol.exe (using a DOS filename) wine /usr/windows/sol.exe (using a UNIX filename) The path of the file will also be added to the path when a full name is supplied on the command line.

  47. I have installed and configured Wine, but Wine cannot find MS Windows on my drive. Where did I go wrong?

    If you have a DOS partition, first make sure that you have mounted it, either by putting the entry into /etc/fstab, or by manually mounting it. Remember too that unless your version of UNIX can see through it, or you are running a utility that can see through it, your DOS partition must not be located on a Drivespaced, Doublespaced or Stackered partition, as neither Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD or Wine can natively 'see' files located in these compressed DOS partitions. Check your path statements in the wine.conf file. No capital letters may be used in paths, as they are automatically converted to lowercase.

  48. I think I've found a bug. How do I report this bug to the Wine programming team?

    Bug reports should be posted to the newsgroup comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine Be sure to include, in your report, the following information - The Wine version tested - The MS Windows program name and, if possible, the version number of the software tested - A brief description of the bug - The relevant part(s) of the output of the Wine debugger

  49. I was able to get various MS Windows programs to run, but parts of them do not work. What is wrong?

    Wine is not complete at this time, so some of each programs' features may not work. They will in time as more of the MS Windows API calls are included in Wine.

  50. I have run various MS Windows programs, but since the program menus do not work, how can I exit these programs?

    Kill the xterm shell window that you called up to run your MS Windows program, and the X window that appeared with the program will be killed too.

  51. How do I remove Wine from my computer?

    All you have to do is to type rm -fR [/path/]Wine* Make sure that you specify the exact path when using the powerful 'rm -fR' command. If you are afraid that you might delete something important, or might otherwise delete other files within your filesystem, cd into each Wine subdirectory singly and delete the files found there manually, one file or directory at a time. Neither the Wine developers and programmers, nor the Wine FAQ author/maintainer, can be held responsible for your deleting any files in your own filesystem.

    How to Get Help with Wine

  52. Is there a Usenet newsgroup for Wine?

    Yes, and it's called comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine The newsgroup serves as a place for developers to discuss Wine, and for minor announcements for the general public. Major announcements will be crossposted to other appropriate newsgroups, such as the following comp.os.linux.announce comp.windows.x.announce comp.emulators.announce If your Usenet site does not carry these newsgroups, please urge your ISP's sysadmin and/or uplink to add them.

  53. Is there a World Wide Web site for Wine?

    Here are a few http//www.qbc.clic.net/~krynos/wine_en.html http//www.winehq.com/ If you are installing or maintain a WWW page pertaining to Wine that you feel would be useful for others to read, please inform the FAQ author/maintainer detailed in question 7.2 for inclusion in the next edition of the Wine FAQ.

    How You Can Help with the Wine Project

  54. How can I help contribute to the Wine project, and in what way(s)?

    You can contribute programming skills, or monetary or equipment donations, to aid the Wine developers in reaching their goals. To find out who, what, where, when and why, please post your desire to contribute to the newsgroup comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine

  55. I want to help beta test Wine. How can I do this?

    Beta testers are currently not needed, as Wine is still Alpha code at this time. However, anyone is welcome to download the latest version and try it out at any time.

  56. I have written some code that I would like to submit to the Wine project. How do I go about doing this?

    Send your weekly code contributions to Alexandre Julliard at julliard@lrc.epfl.ch. You should verify that your code was included in the subsequent release of Wine, as project managers cannot guarantee that the mail server will not suffer some failure that will cause the loss of your message and code after it is received.

    Who's Responsible for Wine?

  57. Who is responsible for writing and maintaining the Wine source code?

    Wine is available thanks to the work of many people. Please see the file AUTHORS in the distribution for the complete list.

  58. Who are the folks and organizations who have contributed money or equipment to the Wine project?

    People and organizations who have given generous contributions of money and/or equipment include - David L. Harper - Bob Hepple - Mark A. Horton - Kevin P. Lawton - the Syntropy Institute - James Woulfe


http://www.winehq.com