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Apache Today: Using .htaccess Files with Apache

Jul 19, 2000, 17:00 (3 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by Ken Coar)

[ Thanks to Kevin Reichard for this link. ]

"One of the most common needs Webmasters have is to cause the Web server to handle all the documents in a particular directory, or tree of directories, in the same way -- such as requiring a password before granting access to any file in the directory, or allowing (or disallowing) directory listings. However, this need often extends to more than just the Webmaster; consider students on a departmental Web server at a university, or individual customers of an ISP, or clients of a Web-hosting company. This article describes how the Webmaster can extend permission to tailor Apache's behaviour to users, allowing them to have some control over how it handles their own sub-areas of its total Web-space."

"This article shows how you can use per-directory configuration files, called .htaccess files, to customise Apache behaviour -- or allow your users to do so for their own documents."

"An .htaccess file is simply a text file containing Apache directives. Those directives apply to the documents in the directory where the .htaccess file is located, and to all subdirectories under it as well. Other .htaccess files in subdirectories may change or nullify the effects of those in parent directories..."

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