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DNS Server Setup Using bind in Ubuntu

May 04, 2007, 07:30 (0 Talkback[s])

[ Thanks to Dave for this link. ]

"Bind listens on port 53 UDP and TCP. TCP is normally only used during zone transfers so it would appear that you could filter it if you have no slaves. However If the response to a query is greater than 1024 bytes, the server sends a partial response, and client and server will try to redo the transaction with TCP.

"Responses that big do not happen often, but they happen. And people do quite often block 53/tcp without their world coming to an end. But this is where one usually inserts the story about the Great DNS Meltdown when more root servers were added. This made queries for the root list greater than 1024 and the whole DNS system started to break down from people violating the DNS spec (RFC1035) and blocking TCP..."

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