Setting up an SSL Certificate in Apache
Jan 26, 2010, 10:34 (0 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by Sukrit Dhandhania)
"SSL certificates are used by web servers on a different port -
port 443, as opposed to port 80 used for HTTP. Port 443 is for
HHTPS traffic. Let's look at how to set this up for your server.
You need an SSL certificate, access to an installation of the
Apache web server compiled with SSL support, and the operating
system on which it is running, and the port 443 to be open. How SSL
"Here's how SSL certification works:
"1. The client browser connects to the web server and gives a
list of available ciphers.
"2. The server then picks the strongest cipher that both parties
support, and returns a certificate with its name and public
encryption key, signed by a trusted Certificate Authority (CA). The
client checks the certificate with the CA.
"3. The client then returns a random number encrypted with the
server's public key. Only the client knows the number, and only the
server can decrypt it (using a private key)."