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CNET News.com: Standards body translates Web for devices [XHTML]

Aug 25, 1999, 15:50 (0 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by Paul Festa)

"Standards body the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) today released a proposed recommendation--the penultimate stage in the W3C recommendation process--of Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML). The proposed recommendation would rewrite Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), commonly referred to as the Web's lingua franca, in Extensible Markup Language (XML), a newer technology for creating Web languages."

"High on the list of goals for XHTML is to make Web pages more easily readable by devices other than the traditional desktop browser, as devices such as handheld computers become ever-more-connected to the Internet. XHTML divides elements of a Web page into groups called "modules." When a device with a small screen accesses the page, the server can choose to send the device only the module with information that will fit on that small screen."

"Part of the trouble with today's HTML is that it grants Web coders too much leeway with their tagging. For example, Web authors designate paragraph breaks with a paragraph tag (

), but tagging the end of a paragraph with a close paragraph tag (

) is optional. XHTML would eliminate that kind of ambiguity. Also, current HTML is not case-sensitive, but XHTML would be."

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