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Release Digest: GNU, April 9, 2003

Apr 10, 2003, 05:00 (0 Talkback[s])


Re-Imagining Linux Platforms to Meet the Needs of Cloud Service Providers


This is the first major release of the GNU Coreutils package.
The Coreutils package is the combination of and replacement for the
fileutils, sh-utils, and textutils packages.  It began as the union
of these revisions: fileutils-4.1.11, textutils-2.1, sh-utils-2.0.15.
Since then, there have been many improvements and bug fixes.

Below I've listed the new programs and most of the new options and
features.  For a more complete list of the changes, see the NEWS file.
For all of the details, including attributions, see the various
ChangeLog files in the distribution.

Thanks to:
  * Paul Eggert for all of his fine contributions and advice,
  * Bob Proulx for all of his work on the FAQ,
    and for his unflagging help fielding questions on the mailing lists,
  * Michael Stone for getting the coreutils into Debian's unstable
    distribution and for keeping up with the pace of test releases,
  * Nelson Beebe for giving test releases a workout in each of about
    40 different build environments,
  * and of course to everyone who has sent in problem/success reports
    and/or patches.

Jim Meyering

Here are the compressed sources:
  ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/coreutils/coreutils-5.0.tar.gz   (5.8MB)
  ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/coreutils/coreutils-5.0.tar.bz2  (3.8MB)

Here are GPG detached signatures:

Here are the MD5 and SHA1 signatures:

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There are two mailing lists for the Coreutils.
For the subscription form and archives, see these:


New programs:

New options and features:
* cp has a new option: --copy-contents.
* cp's -P option now means the same as --no-dereference, per POSIX.
    Use --parents to get the old meaning.
* cp accepts new options:
* df and du have a new short option -B that is short for --block-size.
* du has a new option: --apparent-size
* mv and cp accept a new option: --reply=3D{yes,no,query};  provides a cons=
    mechanism to control whether one is prompted about certain existing
    destination files.  Note that cp's and mv's -f options don't have the
    same meaning: cp's -f option no longer merely turns off `-i'.
* ls has a new option: --dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir, which
  corresponds to the new default behavior when none of -d, -l -F, -H, -L
  has been specified.
* ls has a new option: --author (for the Hurd).
* ls now accepts --time-style=3D+FORMAT, where +FORMAT works like date's fo=
* ls's new --dereference-command-line option causes it to dereference
  symbolic links on the command-line only.  It is the default unless
  one of the -d, -F, or -l options are given.
* stat accepts a new file format, %B, for the size of each block reported b=
y %b
* cut: new feature: when used to select ranges of byte offsets (as opposed
  to ranges of fields) and when --output-delimiter=3DSTRING is specified,
  output STRING between ranges of selected bytes.
* who accepts new options: --all (-a), --boot (-b), --dead (-d), --login,
   --process (-p), --runlevel (-r), --short (-s), --time (-t), --users (-u).
   The -u option now produces POSIX-specified results and is the same as
   the long option `--users'.  --idle is no longer the same as -u.
* The following features have been added to the --block-size option
  and similar environment variables of df, du, and ls.
  - A leading "'" generates numbers with thousands separators.
    For example:
      $ ls -l --block-size=3D"'1" file
      -rw-rw-r--    1 eggert   src      47,483,707 Sep 24 23:40 file
  - A size suffix without a leading integer generates a suffix in the outpu=
    For example:
      $ ls -l --block-size=3D"K"
      -rw-rw-r--    1 eggert   src          46371K Sep 24 23:40 file
* ls's --block-size option now affects file sizes in all cases, not
  just for --block-size=3Dhuman-readable and --block-size=3Dsi.  Fractional
  sizes are now always rounded up, for consistency with df and du.
* df now displays the block size using powers of 1000 if the requested
  block size seems to be a multiple of a power of 1000.
* tail now accepts fractional seconds for its --sleep-interval=3DS (-s) opt=
* `mkdir -p' can now create very deep (e.g. 40,000-component) directories
* uniq now obeys the LC_COLLATE locale, as per POSIX 1003.1-2001 TC1.
* New ls time style: long-iso, which generates YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM.
* Any time style can be preceded by "posix-"; this causes "ls" to
  use traditional timestamp format when in the POSIX locale.
* The default time style is now posix-long-iso instead of posix-iso.
  Set TIME_STYLE=3D"posix-iso" to revert to the behavior of 4.1.1 thru 4.1.=
* rm can now remove very deep hierarchies, in spite of any limit on stack s=
* cp -r is now equivalent to cp -R.  Use cp -R -L --copy-contents to get the
  traditional (and rarely desirable) cp -r behavior.
* The obsolete usage `touch [-acm] MMDDhhmm[YY] FILE...' is no longer
  supported on systems conforming to POSIX 1003.1-2001.  Use touch -t inste=
* The block size notation is now compatible with SI and with IEC 60027-2.
  For example, --block-size=3D1MB now means --block-size=3D1000000,
  whereas --block-size=3D1MiB now means --block-size=3D1048576.
  A missing `B' (e.g. `1M') has the same meaning as before.
  A trailing `B' now means decimal, not binary; this is a silent change.
  The nonstandard `D' suffix (e.g. `1MD') is now obsolescent.
* -H or --si now outputs the trailing 'B', for consistency with the above.
* Programs now output trailing 'K' (not 'k') to mean 1024, as per IEC 60027=
* The following options are now obsolescent, as their names are
  incompatible with IEC 60027-2:
   df, du: -m or --megabytes (use -BM or --block-size=3D1M)
   df, du, ls: --kilobytes (use --block-size=3D1K)
* When copying with the -H and -L options, cp can preserve logical
    links between source files with --preserve=3Dlinks
* ls no longer truncates user names or group names that are longer
    than 8 characters.
* ls -H now means the same as ls --dereference-command-line, as per POSIX.
* ls -g now acts like ls -l, except it does not display owner, as per POSIX.
* ls -n now implies -l, as per POSIX.
* The following changes apply on systems conforming to POSIX 1003.1-2001,
  and are required by the new POSIX standard:
   - `date -I' is no longer supported.  Instead, use `date --iso-8601'.
   - `nice -NUM' is no longer supported.  Instead, use `nice -n NUM'.
* New 'uname' options -i or --hardware-platform, and -o or --operating-syst=
   'uname -a' now outputs -i and -o information at the end.
   New uname option --kernel-version is an alias for -v.
   Uname option --release has been renamed to --kernel-release,
   and --sysname has been renamed to --kernel-name;
   the old options will work for a while, but are no longer documented.
* printf interprets unicode, uNNNN UNNNNNNNN, on systems with the
  required support
* sleep accepts floating point arguments on command line
* sleep's clock continues counting down when sleep is suspended
* all programs now fail (as they should) when printing --help or --version
  output to a full device