This, today, is a number of great significance to the Linux
community. It represents the exact number of days that Linux has
officially been in existence. For it was 15 years ago today that
Linus Torvalds first posted his message to the comp.os.minix
newsgroup, asking for feedback on this nifty little OS that he
hoped might one day support some of the 386 and 486 AT clones that
were cutting edge PC technology in 1991.
(I'm running this column a little early this week, at the same
time of day Linus first sent his note out.)
Of course, this isn't the real anniversary--Linus had already
been working on the code for some time before he tossed the call
for comments and feedback to the Minis developers and users. But
traditionally, this message is recognized as the Beginning of That
Which is Linux.
In the past 5,478 days, Linus, and indeed many of us, have
watched what was to be a hobbyist's operating system grow into a
multi-billion dollar industry that from a technology standpoint
alone has become a major force in the IT industry. And, as many
have said before, if it were just the technology of Linux, it would
be a good story to tell.
But this isn't just a good story; it's a great one. What has
made it great are the many players in the drama that has played out
in the past 15 years.
First, there is Linus himself, the talented programming student
who recognized the value of the free software way of development,
allowing other talented developers to join in and freely develop
the code. Linus has stayed on board the development of the kernel
since it's beginning, and--thank goodness--shows no signs of
stopping any time soon.
You can't forget the contributions of Richard Stallman, either.
Whatever your thoughts on RMS' political stances, there is no
denying that it was he who put together the GNU tools that were so
helpful to the Linux kernel in a wonderful case of being in the
right place at the right time. RMS is also the author of the GNU
General Public License, the software license that has helped keep
Linux together and defy the trend for forking and
I cannot, simply cannot, list all of the kernel developers who
have, over the years, contributed something to the Linux kernel.
There are the more recognized names, such as Alan Cox, Marcelo
Tosatti, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Ted Ts'o, Chris
Wright... seriously, who can name them all? I wish that we could
give them each credit where credit is most certainly due. Maybe
their contributions were not-so-great; perhaps their contributions
were even rejected for one reason or another. But even rejected
code has some value: it shows the lead developers of a project
which way to not take the code.
And we cannot forget the one important non-human player in this
tale of success: the GPL itself. The ability to freely share true
innovation and invention and do it willingly is a huge part of why
Linux is where it is today. Its free nature has led to the success
of other free software applications (including the wild success of
the Apache server, the bricks upon which the Internet is mostly
built). The freedom of Linux has inspired other kinds of licensing:
that which we call open source. Open source licenses are not always
free as in freedom, but it cannot be denied that their inspiration
came from the success of the free software model. The spread of
free and open source software will prove to be the undoing of the
restrictive proprietary software model in the future, and we, the
users, will be the better for it.
Finally, it would be irresponsible of me to mention perhaps the
greatest asset of the Linux operating system: the users themselves.
It is the users who have tested the code churned out by the Linux
developers. Who have created the market demand that has attracted
commercial and technological interest to Linux. Through their use
and feedback--some positive, some not--the users of Linux have
helped shaped this operating system into its present day state.
And, happily, the job is not done. There is so much left to
accomplish, and the good news is, there doesn't seem to be an end
to the number of people who are coming to Linux to code or document
or test or use.
So, to all of these players in the best IT story ever told, may
I extend my humblest congratulations, and many happy returns on the
day. You have done a great good for the world, never forget.
From: torvalds@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)
Subject: What would you like to see most in minix?
Summary: small poll for my new operating system
Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMT
Organization: University of Helsinki
Hello everybody out there using minix -
I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and
professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing
since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any feedback on
things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat
(same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons)
among other things).
I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work.
This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and
I'd like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions
are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-)
PS. Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs.
It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never
will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that's all I have :-(.
Some of the products that appear on this site are from companies from which QuinStreet receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site including, for example, the order in which they appear. QuinStreet does not include all companies or all types of products available in the marketplace.