Linux.com: The Apache Project

“One of the hottest topics on the Internet today is a little
project known as Apache. No, I’m not talking about some cool
military helicopter, but the Apache web server. If you never
heard of Apache before, you probably think it was named that
because it’s a killer Web server, so they named it after a killer
helicopter. Well, you are right about one thing. It is a great,
powerful, popular Web server, but thats not why it was named
The real reason is because it’s “a patchy server.”
Back in the day — February of 1995 to be exact — the most popular
Web server was the public domain HTTP daemon developed by Rob
McCool at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications. Rob
left the NCSA in mid-1994 though, so development of the daemon had
stalled. Webmasters then had to start developing extensions and bug
fixes to continue their use of the server. Soon thereafter, a group
of 8 webmasters banded together and started co-ordinating bug fixes
and patches to the web server. In the end, 8 core contributors
formed the original Apache Group, with the first public release of
the Apache server (v. 0.6.2) in April 1995.”

“Since the released version used NCSA httpd 1.3 as a base, the
developers knew they need to re-design and overhaul the code. It
was in June of 1995 that this started, and features for 0.7.x were
added, including pre-forked child processes and API for
extensibility. With all the work by the developers going on in the
background, they were able to release a fully beta-tested server by
December 1, 1995. By that time, the server had also been ported to
several obscure platforms, with a new set of documentation. Within
a year of the Apache server’s release, it became the #1 server on
the Internet, a record it still holds today. In fact, according to
Netcraft’s latest web server survey, 60.05% of all web servers are
running Apache.”

“Recently, as you might have heard, the alpha version of Apache
2.0 was recently released. Changes are extensive, including Unix
threading, multiprotocol support, and a new build system. The code
has also been redesigned to better fit the large community of
developers maintaining and enhancing the code. There has been an
absolute enforcement of an “Apache Style” for code, and more API
hooks have been made in the process….”


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