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Linux Journal: Linux and Web Servers

Apr 18, 2000, 08:00 (0 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by David Penn)

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"One of the interesting things about the moment in which the Linux community finds itself is the fact that while more and more people are learning about Linux, at the same time Linux itself is changing and expanding, making some newbies feel as if they will never "master Linux". Fortunately for them, "mastering Linux" is a goal probably not worth pursuing. It is like mastering cooking; in actuality, a person only becomes more and more proficient. Even upon reaching a level others might regard as mastery, the true practitioner knows there is always more to learn, more to create and more to discover...."

"One of the easiest ways to understand what a web server is is simply to break up the term. A "server" is a software application that provides information to a "client". In the case of a web server, the server application delivers information to a client such as an Internet browser (Netscape, Internet Explorer, Opera, etc.). One of the most popular web servers (also known as "http server" for reasons which might be obvious at this point) is Apache, whose web servers are responsible for powering much of the Internet most of us use every day. Interestingly, virtually every different platform offers its own server software: Windows NT, for example, is a popular OS choice for servers among those preferring Microsoft products. Solaris, an operating system developed by Sun Microsystems, is another very popular server software package used widely on the Internet."

"So "web serving"--providing HTML/web pages for browsers--is just one of the functions of server software, as are file and print "serving". The computer which handles the printer = a print server. A hub computer that handles files and applications over a network = a file server. And so on."

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