"There is no doubt that one of the most confusing things
about Linux (at least to the novice user) is its filesystem.
Since most of us grew accustomed to the way Windows does things,
thinking about the filesystem in terms of the A or C drive seems
almost natural, but understanding the differences between /etc and
/var takes us to a whole different world. The present article
tries to make it easier for new Linux users to understand the
"If you need more information, feel free to visit the Filesystem
Hierarchy Standard (FHS) site. This is the organization that tries
to lay out a filesystem standard not only for the different Linux
distributions, but also for UNIX."
"So, here is a short list of the most important elements in the
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