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FirstLinux.net: Linux Directory Structure

Aug 02, 2000, 17:48 (0 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by sde)

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"Finding your way around Linux can be difficult if you don't know the purpose of each directory. The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) attempts to make this easier by standardising the location of Linux commands, files, devices for the many Linux distributions. FHS defines a common arrangement of the many files and directories in Linux systems (the filesystem hierarchy) that many different developers and companies have agreed to use. The following table explains most of the important directories..."

"At the installation stage many distributions can configure your system so that some of these directories are on separate partitions. There are a number of good reasons for this... Having /home on its own partition means that users' data can easily be backed up. User applications can be easily upgraded in this case because /usr is on a separate partition. Of course having all of the above top level directories on separate partitions would be taking it too far, inevitably one or more partitions would run out of space."

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