"A federal judge today ruled in favor of the motion picture
industry in its battle to protect DVDs from being copied on
computers. U.S. District Judge Lewis A. Kaplan said it was "a
matter of First Amendment concern."
"Kaplan rejected as baseless the argument by defense lawyers
in a trial last month who said computer code is a free expression
of speech entitled to maximum constitutional protection, and that
computer code essentially is exempt from government
"Computer code is not purely expressive any more than the
assassination of a political figure is purely a political
statement," he said. He added: "Code causes computers to
perform desired functions. Its expressive element no more immunizes
its functional aspects from regulation than the expressive motives
of an assassin immunize the assassin's action."
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