"In the realm of computers, history will record the names of
four significant men: Brian Kernighan, Dennis Ritchie, Bjarne
Stroustrup, and James Gosling. While the everyday user may not
recognize them, anyone who creates software should. They are the
creators of the C, C++, and Java programming languages, the
mainstream languages used in today's operating systems and on the
Internet. Unix, Windows, Linux, BeOS, and the Mac OS all employ
them--the result--operating system independent code. For the end
user, this means that a developer can save time writing software
and more easily make it available to a greater number of people.
However, because Redmond, Washington is still on the map, one
software company is taking course to change this with the
introduction of its .NET Platform."
"Software can be divided into two groupings: compiled and
interpreted. The C and C++ languages are examples of the former. In
a compiled language, the software code is transformed into machine
instructions. C was originally designed to create operating
systems. Bjarne Stroustrup added features (object-oriented
structure, templates, exception-handling, and namespaces) to C,
thus producing C++ (see plus plus). James Gosling further modified
the C++ language transmuting it into Java (adding
garbage-collection and bytecode). Unlike the other two
mainstreamers, Java is an interpreted language. This means that
instead of having to "compile" software code for every platform
(Intel x86, PowerPC, etc.) the developer need only compile it
once--one set of instructions for every processor and operating
system. For this reason, Internet developers have readily adopted
Java as a means of sharing their software with many computers all
around the globe. Today, another transformation is taken place.
Microsoft is introducing the C# (see sharp) programming
"In the Microsoft spirit, C# is a technological innovation
designed to make life easier for developers. Here are its main
improvements from C++: 1) Automatic Garbage-collection; 2) Single
Hierarchical Class Inheritance; 3) Attributes, Properties, and
Events. In short, it is Microsoft's recreation of Java. There are
of course, a few differences apart from syntax. Most important is
that C# is a compiled language. Its programs cannot be run on
non-Windows platforms. If garbage-collection, etc. were the
features Microsoft decided would improve the developer experience,
why did they create an entirely new programming language? A more
practical choice would have been to create an API (Application
Program Interface) in Java. Not only would it have been less time
consuming for Microsoft, it would also have made it easier for
developers (as to not have to learn yet another language).
Therefore, C# is a useless redundancy."
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