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Linux.com: Linux and Windows NT 4.0: Basic Administration - Part IV, File Sharing

Oct 18, 2000, 16:13 (0 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by Chris Campbell)

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"Linux, (like Unix before it) was designed with the concept of a server in mind. Originally when a user connected to a Unix machine, it was a direct physical connection as a terminal. ... Microsoft originally developed Windows as a simplified interface for DOS, then with Windows 3.11 (and subsequent releases) it began to use peer-to-peer networking to connect individual PC's. With the initial release of Windows NT, Microsoft threw its hat into the server arena. However, that NT's concept of a server still remains with the concepts established with peer to peer networking such as NetBIOS broadcasts with WINS to resolve BIOS names to IP addresses."

"Samba is, by far, the most crucial tool in a successful NT to Linux migration. This package serves Microsoft's SMB protocol, enabling Windows Clients to see the Linux machine as a file and print server; this closes the gap between the unix server-centrix mentality and the Windows peer-to-peer mentality. Incidentally, some of the more excitable Linux zealots tend to pit Windows NT against Linux, but to date, Andrew Tridgell (creator of the samba project) has been most prolific in making the playing ground level. Microsoft's proprietary SMB can be run on Linux, and often with faster results than its Microsoft cousin."

"Network File System (NFS) is amazingly easy to set up, provided that both TCP/IP and name resolution have been set up properly. This also requires that they there are other UNIX machines on the network as this is a UNIX specific function. NT is not automatically capable of this, but as it is nearly crucial to unix-to-unix filesharing, it is being covered here briefly."

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