Linux.com: Introduction to Networking, Part 2: Protocols and ApplicationsNov 02, 2000, 22:27 (0 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by Chris Campbell)
"Editor's Note: This piece is written for Mandrake Linux. The concepts provided here are good for all distributions of Linux, but please be sure to check your own distribution for any minor changes."
"There is an ocean of protocols in the networking world. However, the growing popularity of the Internet has made many of the proprietary protocols dry up. There are still some that remain, such as Novell's IPX/SPX or Windows' NetBEUI, but both Microsoft and Novell have, with the latest incarnations of their networking schemes, adopted the Internet protocol, TCP/IP as their standard. Linux, like Unix before it, supports TCP/IP inherently as it was developed on the platform. To this end, the protocol of focus in this article will be TCP/IP. Incidentally, it is also the protocol with the most applications written specifically for it."
"With the launch of Sputnik by the Russians in 1956, the United States government decided that it would be prudent to remain significantly more technologically advanced than their enemies. The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) was formed and embarked on creating a re-routable network impervious to nuclear attack. Called ARPAnet, it grew slowly for years and was scheduled to be abandoned for a newer network in the early 1980's. The National Science Foundation stepped in to take over administration and the Internet was born. Over a decade passed before it became the easy babysitter and corporate advertising mainstay that it is today. Its standards had been set. The standard protocol, of course, became TCP/IP."