"The first thing that most new users shifting from Windows
will find confusing is navigating the Linux filesystem. The Linux
filesystem does things a lot differently from the Windows
filesystem. This article explains the differences and takes you
through the layout of the Linux filesystem."
"For starters, there is only a single hierarchal directory
structure. Everything starts from the root directory, represented
by '/', and then expands into sub-directories. Where DOS/Windows
had various partitions and then directories under those partitions,
Linux places all the partitions under the root directory by
'mounting' them under specific directories. Closest to root under
Windows would be c:\."
"Under Windows, the various partitions are detected at boot and
assigned a drive letter. Under Linux, unless you mount a partition
or a device, the system does not know of the existence of that
partition or device. This might not seem to be the easiest way to
provide access to your partitions or devices but it offers great
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