Press Release -- Boston, MA -- The USENIX
Association today named the GNU Project and its contributors as
recipients of its prestigious USENIX Lifetime Achievement Award.
The announcement was made just before the keynote address at the
USENIX Annual Technical Conference where the developers of Kerberos
were also awarded the Software Tools User Group (STUG) award.
"The contributions of these two groups to the technical
community have been incredible. The Lifetime Achievement and STUG
awards are simply a way for the technical community to thank them
for the invaluable tools and resources they have given us," said
Andrew Hume, Vice President of the USENIX Association. "It's
difficult to imagine how most of us could do systems work without
using GNU Project derived tools."
The GNU Project was started in 1984 by Richard M. Stallman,
taking up the challenge of developing a UNIX-like operating system
that is completely Free Software -- freely redistributable, and
modifiable by all of its users. Today, the GNU system is widely
used as part of the GNU/Linux system. GNU/Linux is the integrated
combination of the GNU operating system with the kernel, Linux,
written by Linus Torvalds in 1991. Now that the core operating
system is completed, the GNU Project continues to develop
user-space software for GNU/Linux users.
"Software freedom succeeds. Without freedom, no one could have
written the many utilities and other applications in GNU/Linux,"
said Robert J. Chassell, who accepted the award for the GNU
Project. "But freedom needs to be defended; and the defense of
freedom is expensive. There are those who want to limit what
students may study, limit what programmers may write, and limit
what you and others may share or purchase. We must continue to
preserve and advance freedom for users and programmers."
Kerberos was developed in much the same fashion as the GNU
system. Created by a team of contributors from Project Athena at
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), it was made freely
available and has since been incorporated into many operating
system products, both commercial and non-commercial. Kerberos was
the first widely deployed network authentication system to assume
that security risks were higher from people inside a network rather
than outside. The Kerberos authentication system uses cryptography
to authenticate users to a server and exchanges encryption keys
that can be used to encrypt subsequent communication, providing
privacy and data integrity during the course of business.
"We made a decision very early on in the development of Kerberos
to make the source code freely available and to allow royalty free
integration with commercial and non-commercial systems," said
Clifford Newman, who accepted the award for the Kerberos
contributors. "This decision contributed significantly to the
success of Kerberos. It's ironic that most users of Kerberos don't
even know they are using it."
The awards kicked off USENIX Annual Technical Conference, now in
its 26th consecutive year, included four best paper
-- "Virtualizing I/O Devices on VMware Workstation's Hosted
Virtual Machine Monitor" by Jeremy Sugerman, Ganesh Venkitachalam,
-- "A Toolkit for User-level Filesystems" by David Mazieres
-- "Nickle: Language Principles and Pragmatics" by Bart Massey
and Keith Packard
-- "MEF: Malicious Email Filter" by Student Authors: Matthew G.
Schultz and Eleazar Eskin, together with Erez Zadok and Manasi
"This is a conference that selected 48 excellent papers out of
138 submissions. Our program reflects the newest technology as well
as the luminaries in the industry," said Yoonho Park, USENIX 2001
Program Chair. "Winning a best paper award amid such competition
means your work is going to move technology forward. And that's
what this conference is all about."
About the USENIX Association
USENIX is the Advanced Computing Systems Association. For over 25
years, it has been the leading community for engineers, system
administrators, scientists, and technician working on the cutting
edge of the computing world. USENIX conferences are the essential
meeting grounds for the presentation and discussion of technical
advances in all aspects of computing systems. For more information
about the USENIX Association, visit http://www.usenix.org
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