Community Column: Is Linux Hurting the IT Industry?
Mar 17, 2001, 07:13 (58 Talkback[s])
(Other stories by Gareth Barnard)
Re-Imagining Linux Platforms to Meet the Needs of Cloud Service Providers
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Recently Jim Allchin of Microsoft said that Linux is un-American
and a destroyer of intellectual property. His comments created a
lot of amusement in the Linux community. But after thinking about
it I realized he had a point.
The NASDAQ index, which contains a lot of tech stocks, reached a
peak in March 2000 and then started steadily sinking. Now, a year
later, it has lost more than half its value. Hundreds of dot-coms
have turned into dot-gones. Most of these failures were due to bad
business plans. Anyone who thought that he could make money by
selling dog food or beer over the Internet deserved to lose his
shirt. Investors have lost confidence, and startups that have a
good business plan and a good product have trouble finding
In late 2000 the rest of the IT industry went into a slump.
Major players such as Oracle, Dell and Compaq reported
lower-than-expected earnings. It's easy to assume that they had
caught the disease which was killing dot-coms. But a correction in
the PC market was inevitable, and the dot-com slump merely
accelerated its decline.
For ten years, Microsoft and Intel conspired between them to
drive the PC market in an upward spiral. Each iteration of Windows
required a faster processor and more memory. The PC makers sold
more computers and Microsoft sold more copies of pre-loaded
Before the introduction of Windows 2000, Microsoft made it clear
that it had to sell like hot cakes so that
MS could maintain the momentum it had built up in the 90's. But the
business market for PCs is saturated or nearly saturated, and that
momentum could not be sustained indefinitely, just as the rise in
the NASDAQ could not be sustained indefinitely.
Realize also that the Internet was expanding rapidly in the late
90's. Many small Internet companies were founded, and usually they
bought low-end web servers with Windows pre-loaded. Only large
companies could buy from Sun, IBM or Hewlett-Packard. Since
dot-coms had bought Intel-based machines, the PC manufacturers
started feeling the pinch.
Then, in 2000, one company after another was thrown onto the
dot-compost heap. The revenue stream dried up and there was no
money for new hardware. So now, when you need a new web server, you
go to the boneyard. Every company has one. You pull out an old
machine with a 200-MHz Pentium and 64 Mb of RAM. You load Linux and
you're good to go. That's one less Pentium sold and one less copy
of Windows 2000.
And don't forget all the free software you get with every Linux
distro. Every copy of Star Office downloaded is one less copy of MS
Office sold. Every copy of Zope downloaded is one more copy of
Front Page still on the shelf. Visual Basic is retreating in the
face of Perl and Python. Every installation of mySQL is one less
installation of Oracle. A Beowulf cluster running mySQL is more
cost-effective than a Sun 250 with Oracle, largely because you
don't have to pay Sun and Oracle to maintain it.
Cisco's earnings were sharply down in Q4 2001 and they are
laying off workers. Maybe people are discovering that, instead of
spending thousands of dollars on a Cisco router you can take an old
486 and install some Ethernet cards and a copy of Linux Router.
Instead of buying a firewall from Cisco, buy a used computer and
install Mandrake Linux. Do you need a file server? Samba. An email
I can heard hordes of little Penguinistas muttering, "Linux is
only hurting the people who should be
hurt." The Linux movement has always had an anti-establishment and
anti-commercial slant, which is part of the reason it appeals to
aging Flower Children like myself. IBM tried to tap into that
Sixties ambience with their "Peace, Love and Linux" advertising
IBM and Sun Microsystems were two companies that did well in
2000. Big Blue has thrown its weight behind Linux and most of the
Linux servers that were sold in 2000 were sold by IBM. Sun's
attitude toward Linux has been ambivalent but they have supported
Linux indirectly, by supporting Java on Linux. Maybe the Age of
Aquarius has become the Age of Linux, and there is some Open Source
karma which rewards those who have set their feet on the path of
But Linux is not to blame for the IT slump. Certain parties are
starting to reap the fruit of their own stupidity and greed. Intel
grew complacent, and AMD was able to steal market share. Windows 95
was a dramatic improvement over Windows 3.11 but since then
Microsoft has entered the area of diminishing returns. MS Word
users refuse to upgrade because they don't need any more features.
Windows 2000 does not have enough new features to justify switching
from WinNT 4.0, and it is actually slower and less stable.
Sooner or later, buyers will realize that MS's practice of
discarding the code base every three years results in slow,
bloated, buggy software. They will realize that there is only one
way to write good software; make the source code public and refine
it over a period of decades. Sooner or later, corporate America
will bow down before the penguin.
About the author:
Gareth Barnard has been a computer professional for fifteen years.
His stormy love affair with computers began when he bought an Atari
128. His home page is wanderz.net/xenogeek.htm.
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