"When installing Apache, you can install either just the Web
server application (and other components separately as needed) or a
Web server software distribution or package. We recommend using
packages for small business or personal solutions, as it eases the
task of the server installation. Many packages exist that wrap or
stack scripting languages (such as PHP and Perl), database and
other servers (such as MySQL, FTP, and e-mail), and configuration
GUIs into one installation program.
"When scouring the net, you'll find these Web server packages
have acronyms with AMP as the base letters, standing for Apache,
MySQL, and PHP (or Perl or Python). To complete the acronym, a
preceding letter identifies the supported operating system. For
example, you'll see WAMP packages that install on Windows, LAMP for
Linux, and MAMP for Macintosh. You may also see other creative
acronyms such as XAMPP, where the X means cross-platform and the
extra P for the Perl scripting language. Basically, package
developers just make up the acronym based on which components are
in the packages."
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