In Linux, there's a command line tool that you can use to create/verify checksum. It's dubbed cksum. Most vendors offer a checksum (or a checksum-like code) corresponding to the file(s) being downloaded. If the file doesn't behave in an expected way, user's can recompute the file's checksum and compare it with the original checksum provided by the vendor to see if the file is intact or got corrupted.
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