---

InternetNews.com/Reuters: U.S. Asks Court to Split Microsoft

InternetNews.com

The U.S. government on Friday urged a federal judge to break
software powerhouse Microsoft Corp. into two separate companies to
curb its monopoly power in key software.

The Justice Department and a majority of the 19 states that
brought one of the biggest antitrust cases in U.S. history formally
unveiled the proposed breakup of the company in a 17-page proposed
order to a federal judge.

The dramatic request opened the penalty phase of the
two-year-old case that pits one of America’s most successful high
technology companies against the full weight of the U.S.
government.

Microsoft, which has maintained it is innocent, immediately
replied by saying the government’s proposal was “extreme.”

It is the stiffest antitrust penalty sought against an American
corporation since a 1982 agreement to split telephone giant
AT&T into regional “baby bells.”

The Microsoft case has also been compared with the breakup of
oil baron John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil in 1911.

The government proposal would separate Microsoft’s dominant
Windows operating system business from software applications like
word processing, spreadsheets and control of the Web browser.

“This is the right remedy at the right time,” Attorney General
Janet Reno said in a statement. “Our proposal will stimulate
competition, promote innovation and give consumers new and better
choices in the marketplace.”

The announcement of the proposal does not mean that Microsoft
will be broken into pieces immediately. The company has promised to
appeal vigorously all the way to the Supreme Court. That could push
the controversial case into 2001 when a new president will take
office, who could change U.S. antitrust policy.

Cleaving Microsoft in two would mean profound changes for the
company whose rapid growth since its 1975 founding has made
Chairman Bill Gates one of the world’s richest men and helped put
the United States at the forefront of the digital age.

Some stock analysts say two Microsoft companies might be valued
more highly than one although most see the stock suffering from
uncertainty until a final outcome of the case.

Microsoft was trading at 71 in after-hours trading, up 1-1/4
from it’s close of 69-3/4 in the regular trading session before the
announcement.

The government hopes splitting Microsoft would offer consumers
greater choice by preventing the dominant Windows operating system,
that runs on over 80 percent of personal computers, from being used
to force companies and consumers to use other Microsoft
software.

The split could also encourage development of alternative
operating software and new applications for such systems.

Computer analysts say Microsoft has provided two decades of
leadership and standard setting for the industry. But they are
divided on whether that leadership has already begun to slip as the
personal computer age gives way to a world where microchips are
embedded in everything from telephones to cars.

The proposal to breakup the company stems from an antitrust
complaint filed by the U.S. government in May, 1998 that charged
Microsoft illegally used its monopoly power to crush Netscape, a
rival Web browser maker that has since been sold to American Online
Inc.

A long trial began in October, 1998, and included sometimes
confrontational videotaped testimony from Gates, who quibbled with
prosecutors over the meaning of seemingly simple words.

Federal District Court Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled last
November that Microsoft held monopoly power in key systems and used
it to harm consumers and competitors.

A Chicago judge was appointed to explore the chances of
settlement but announced April 1 the effort was over.

Then on April 3, Jackson ruled that the Microsoft actions had
violated the law. Friday’s proposal set out the penalty the
government would like the judge to levy on Microsoft for breaking
the law.

There is no sign that the legal wrangling over the case will end
soon. Jackson has set a May 24 date for oral arguments on the
proposed penalty and he hopes to expedite any appeal, possibly
straight to the Supreme Court.

But the company has said it will need much more time and would
prefer the normal progression of the case through an appeals
court.

A slower timetable could keep the matter from reaching the
highest court until after the January swearing in of a new
president — either Republican George W. Bush or Democrat Al Gore.
There is speculation in Washington that Bush would be more
sceptical of the government case.

Most opinion polls suggest that the majority of the public
support Microsoft’s position rather than that of the
government.

Get the Free Newsletter!

Subscribe to Developer Insider for top news, trends, & analysis