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How to install and configure vsftpd with TLS on Debian 8 (Jessie)

This article explains how to set up a TLS enabled vsftpd server on a Debian 8 server and how to access the FTP server with FileZilla. FTP is a very insecure protocol by default because all passwords and all data are transferred in clear text. By using TLS, the whole communication can be encrypted, thus making FTP much more secure.