---

Pine Development Team issues official response to security issues

    From: Pine Development Team <[email protected]>
 Subject: So-called "remote exploit in pine"

Many of you have inquired about a recent widely-distributed message
describing a "remote exploit in pine", specifically, a "vunerability in
metamail package used with pine" and a claim that the '`' character "is
incorrectly expanded by pine".

We believe the following to be true:

 o There is indeed a vulnerability in the default *mailcap* file
   distributed with the popular metamail MIME-support package.

 o This same mailcap file has in the past been included in Pine
   distributions as a sample; however, this sample file is not used by
   Pine unless it is manually installed and renamed.

 o While the metamail package *can* be used with Pine, Pine does not
   *require* the installation of metamail.

 o If a site chooses to install metamail, they should definitely expunge
   the dangerous entries from the default mailcap file.  Such a corrected
   mailcap file is attached.

 o If correcting the system mailcap file is not immediately possible,
   users may wish to set Pine's "mailcap-search-path" variable to a
   personal mailcap file path.  (See Pine's Main/Setup/Config screen.)

 o Everyone should beware of offered workarounds in the form of Pine
   patches that simply insert the shell-escape character before any
   substituted back-quotes, as this only results in moving the problem
   down one level of shell-nesting.

 o PC-Pine users are not vulnerable to these dangerous mailcap entries.

We do not agree that the '`' character "is incorrectly expanded by pine".
Rather, we believe that Pine correctly implements RFC-1524.  However, it
is possible to modify Pine to preclude mailcap parameter substitution and
thereby avoid mailcap risks at sites where faulty mailcap files may be
installed.  A patch to do this is attached.  Obviously, this patch will
also break any legitimate mailcap entries that depend on parameter
substitution.

While one could modify Pine to guard against the particular exploit
permitted by the mailcap entries in question, it is very difficult to
conceive of a truly safe "paranoid mode" other than disabling parameter
substitution entirely.  However, we suspect most people will find it far
easier to remove any unsafe entries from their mailcap configuration file.

Sincerely,

 Pine Development Team
  University of Washington

# This is a sample mailcap file based on the sample mailcap file
# contained in the metamail distribution (version 2.7) from Bellcore.
# This sample is for a Unix system.  Look at the original sample from
# the metamail distribution for more ideas.  This is a simplified version
# to explain how it works with Pine.  As of October, 1994, metamail was
# available via anonymous ftp from the host thumper.bellcore.com in the
# file /pub/nsb/mm2.7.tar.Z.
#
# Metamail is:
# Copyright (c) 1991 Bell Communications Research, Inc. (Bellcore)
# 
# Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this material 
# for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided 
# that the above copyright notice and this permission notice 
# appear in all copies, and that the name of Bellcore not be 
# used in advertising or publicity pertaining to this 
# material without the specific, prior written permission 
# of an authorized representative of Bellcore.  BELLCORE 
# MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE ACCURACY OR SUITABILITY 
# OF THIS MATERIAL FOR ANY PURPOSE.  IT IS PROVIDED "AS IS", 
# WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES.
#
# The mailcap viewers are used by Pine when viewing pieces of a message
# from within the attachment viewer.  That is, you type the "V" command
# when already viewing a message.
#
# Pine expects the mailcap file to be in /etc/mailcap on Unix systems.
# Users may override or extend this with a .mailcap file in their home
# directory.  The contents of that will be combined with /etc/mailcap.
# Users may override this standard Pine mailcap path
# ("~/.mailcap:/etc/mailcap") by defining the environment variable
# MAILCAPS to be equal to the colon separated path.
#
# On PC's (DOS or Windows) the file MAILCAP is searched for first in the
# same directory where the user's PINERC is located and then in the same
# directory where PINE.EXE is located.  The first would be the user's personal
# override file and the second the common file used by all users.   Users
# may override this location by defining the environment variable MAILCAPS
# to be equal to the *semicolon* separated path.
#
# Pine does not use the "compose=" portion of mailcap entries (and doesn't
# provide a general method of composing different types of messages).
# Pine doesn't pay attention to "copiousoutput", but always pipes the output
# to its standard scrolling text window if "needsterminal" is not set.
# If "needsterminal" is set, then Pine sets the terminal or terminal window
# back to the state it was in when Pine was started and lets the viewer run.
# When the viewer finishes, Pine resets the terminal and redraws the screen.
# If any user interaction with the viewer is required and the viewer runs
# in the same terminal window as Pine, then "needsterminal" should be set.
# The "test=" commands are used as defined in RFC1524, except that the
# data file is not available to the test command.
#
# Since mailcap is only used from the attachment viewer, the message being
# viewed will always be a single part, so "multipart" entries in mailcap have
# no effect on Pine.  Type "text/plain" with "charset=usascii" or charset
# matching the character-set variable are intercepted and displayed by Pine
# in the normal way, not displayed by a mailcap viewer.  Besides those
# exceptions just listed, all other types and subtypes are subject to
# being displayed by a mailcap viewer.  If no match is found for types text
# or message, Pine will display them in its usual way.
#
# As a special case, the "image-viewer" variable from the pinerc file is
# supported as if an extra entry for type image/* came first in the
# personal mailcap file.  That's for backwards compatibility.
#
#
# The following line causes the xv program to be used to display all
# image types if the DISPLAY variable is set (indicating the user is
# using X).  (xv is written by John Bradley, [email protected]  There
# are also other X image viewer programs you could use, such as xloadimage.)
image/*; xv %s; test=test -n "$DISPLAY"

# The effect of the following is to send ALL audio subtypes to the 
# showaudio program.  If possible, it would be desirable to also include
# a test command that could decide whether or not the user could play audio.
# That would be something like "test=can_do_audio %t".  (Showaudio is a shell
# script included in the metamail distribution.)
audio/*; showaudio %s

# (Showexternal is a shell script included in the metamail distribution.)
message/external-body; showexternal %s %{access-type} %{name} 
        %{site} %{directory} %{mode} %{server}; 
        needsterminal; composetyped = extcompose %s; 
        description="A reference to data stored in an external location"

# If you have an interactive Postscript interpreter, you should think carefully 
# before replacing lpr with it in the following line, because PostScript
# can be an enormous security hole.  It is RELATIVELY harmless
# when sent to the printer...
application/postscript ; lpr %s ; echo SENT FILE TO PRINTER ;
    description="A Postscript File";
# unsafe alternative
#application/postscript; gspreview %s ;  test=test -n "$DISPLAY"

# The following gives rudimentary capability for receiving 
# text mail in the ISO-8859-1 character set, which covers many European 
# languages, and the ISO-8859-8 character set, which includes Hebrew
# Note that the pipe to tr ensures that the "ISO" is case-insensitive.
# (This is also from metamail.)
#
#### However, they are commented out here as they use a "test" method
#### that can cause malicious data in the message's charset parameter
#### to get executed.  A better alternative would be to replace the "test"
#### command with a script that does a safer case-insensitive comparison.
#text/plain; shownonascii iso-8859-8 %s; test=test "`echo %{charset} | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`" = iso-8859-8 -a -n "$DISPLAY" ; copiousoutput
#text/plain; shownonascii iso-8859-8 %s | more ; test=test "`echo %{charset} | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`" = iso-8859-8; needsterminal
#text/plain; shownonascii iso-8859-1 %s; test=test "`echo %{charset} | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`" = iso-8859-1 -a -n "$DISPLAY" ; copiousoutput
#text/plain; shownonascii iso-8859-1 %s | more ; test=test "`echo %{charset} | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`" = iso-8859-1 ; needsterminal

# The following displays Japanese text at sites where
# the "kterm" program is installed:
#text/plain; kterm -geometry +0+0 -e more %s /dev/null; 
        test=test "`echo %{charset} | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`" = iso-2022-jp

# This maps MPEG video data to the viewer 'mpeg_play'.
# (Mpeg_play is part of the MPEG distribution from The Berkeley Plateau
# Research Group and is available via anonymous ftp from toe.cs.berkeley.edu.)
video/mpeg; mpeg_play %s ; test=test -n "$DISPLAY"

# This maps all other types of video to the xanim viewer.  (Xanim is written
# by Mark Podlipec, [email protected])
video/*; xanim %s ; test=test -n "$DISPLAY"

# The xdvi program display TeX dvi files on an X server.
application/x-dvi; xdvi %s ;  test=test -n "$DISPLAY"

# Type octet-stream (binary) data can be displayed as a hex dump before
# you decide whether or not you want to save it to a file.  (Hd is just
# a standard hex dump program.  You could use "od" if you don't have an
# "hd".  Naive users may find the output from this entry confusing.)
application/octet-stream; hd; copiousoutput; description="Hex dump of data"

*** ./pine/init.c.orig  Tue Jan 26 11:57:56 1999
--- ./pine/init.c       Tue Feb  9 19:23:06 1999
***************
*** 1791,1796 ****
--- 1791,1798 ----
         F_QUELL_PARTIAL_FETCH, NO_HELP, PREF_NONE},
        {"save-aggregates-copy-sequence",
         F_AGG_SEQ_COPY, NO_HELP, PREF_NONE},
+       {"enable-mailcap-param-substitution",
+        F_DO_MAILCAP_PARAM_SUBST, NO_HELP, PREF_NONE},
        {"termdef-takes-precedence",
         F_TCAP_WINS, NO_HELP, PREF_NONE}
      };
*** ./pine/mailcap.c.orig       Wed Nov 18 10:00:15 1998
--- ./pine/mailcap.c    Tue Feb  9 19:23:40 1999
***************
*** 739,745 ****
      dprint(5, (debugfile, "- mc_passes_test -n"));
  
      if(mc->testcommand && *mc->testcommand)
!       cmd = mc_bld_test_cmd(mc->testcommand, type, subtype, params);
      
      if(!mc->testcommand || !cmd || !*cmd){
        if(cmd)
--- 739,746 ----
      dprint(5, (debugfile, "- mc_passes_test -n"));
  
      if(mc->testcommand && *mc->testcommand)
!       if(!(cmd = mc_bld_test_cmd(mc->testcommand, type, subtype, params)))
!         return(FALSE);        /* couldn't be built */
      
      if(!mc->testcommand || !cmd || !*cmd){
        if(cmd)
***************
*** 794,800 ****
      if(needsterm)
        *needsterm = mc->needsterminal;
  
!     command = mc_cmd_bldr(mc->command, type, subtype, params, tmp_file);
  
      dprint(5, (debugfile, "built command: %sn", command));
  
--- 795,802 ----
      if(needsterm)
        *needsterm = mc->needsterminal;
  
!     if(!(command = mc_cmd_bldr(mc->command, type, subtype, params, tmp_file)))
!       command = cpystr("");
  
      dprint(5, (debugfile, "built command: %sn", command));
  
***************
*** 871,876 ****
--- 873,884 ----
                break;
  
              case '{':                 /* insert requested MIME param */
+               if(F_OFF(F_DO_MAILCAP_PARAM_SUBST, ps_global)){
+                   dprint(2,
+                          (debugfile, "mc_cmd_bldr: param subs %sn", from));
+                  return(NULL);
+               }
+ 
                s = strindex(from, '}');
                if(!s){
                    q_status_message1(SM_ORDER, 0, 4,
***************
*** 956,962 ****
        sprintf(to, MC_ADD_TMP, tmp_file);
  
      return(cpystr(tmp_20k_buf));
! } 
  
  
  /*
--- 964,970 ----
        sprintf(to, MC_ADD_TMP, tmp_file);
  
      return(cpystr(tmp_20k_buf));
! }
  
  
  /*
*** ./pine/pine.h.orig  Thu Jan 28 16:52:00 1999
--- ./pine/pine.h       Tue Feb  9 19:23:21 1999
***************
*** 886,891 ****
--- 886,892 ----
        F_SHOW_TEXTPLAIN_INT,
        F_ROLE_CONFIRM_DEFAULT,
        F_NO_FCC_ATTACH,
+       F_DO_MAILCAP_PARAM_SUBST,
  #ifdef        ENABLE_LDAP
        F_ADD_LDAP_TO_ABOOK,
  #endif