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BSD Today: Editor’s Note: Debian/BSD

“Basically, the Debian/BSD project is for users already
familiar with Debian. So in other words, the Debian/BSD should
behave the same as Debian Linux. This means that the filesystem
hierarchy should have same layout; new packages should be installed
the same way; services started (and maintained and stopped) the
same way; and configuration files should be at the same locations
and configured the same. (Or as least as close as it can get.)

Probably the most important of these, is the use of dpkg and
apt-get. dpkg is a package management tool (similar to rpm and
pkg_add/ pkg_delete/pkg_info). apt-get is a tool for installing
packages; it can be configured to select the desired package
collections (private, http, ftp, etc.). Here are some important and
interesting features of apt-get:

  • multiple package collections (for example, stable and
    security);
  • the list (and other info) of available packages can easily be
    updated with “apt-get update”;
  • “apt-get upgrade” will retrieve and upgrade currently installed
    packages that have newer versions available.

These package management tools can be very customizable. For
example, you can upgrade an older version of Debian to a current
development version, by simply making sure you have a recent
apt-get installed, update your apt-get sources list to use the
newer packages, and then do an “apt-get dist-upgrade” to begin the
upgrade. It can be configured to use pre-defined defaults or you
can choose for it to prompt you for some configuration steps as it
updates the packages. (It also can show you the differences between
previous configurations and share suggestions.)”

Complete
Story
and another item with some additional
information

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