Linux Journal: Alphabet Soup: The Internationalization of Linux, Part 1

… the problems faced when using different character sets
and the need for standardization.”
— Article by Stephen

“The… process of adapting a system to a new culture is called
localization… Obviously, this requires provision of character
encodings, display fonts and input methods for the input and
display of the user’s native language, but it also involves more
subtle adjustments to facilities such as the default time system…
and calendar…, currency representation and dictionary sorting

“Internationalization… is the process of adapting a system’s
data structures and algorithms so that localizing the system to a
new culture is a matter of translating a database and does not
require patching the source.”