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How to perform HTTP requests with python – Part 1: The standard Library

HTTP is the protocol used by the World Wide Web, that’s why being able to interact with it programmatically is essential: scraping a web page, communicating with a service APIs, or even simply downloading a file, are all tasks based on this interaction. Python makes such operations very easy: some useful functions are already provided in the standard library, and for more complex tasks it’s possible (and even recommended) to use the external requests module.